Reasons Why Plant Botanic Conservation Is Important
No doubt, plants are the backbone of life and that explains why conservation is important. Today, plants and forests are under threat across the globe as people need more land for commercial use. The number of plants that are under the threat of extinction is growing day by day and the figure stands at around 100,000 plants. The loss of different plant species is a disruption of the entire ecosystem as there are animals that depend on plants as a source of food and shelter. Therefore, destruction of forest cover should be treated as a global threat as it is the backbone of life. Since plants are the backbone of life, many agencies and bodies are available that focus on conserving different plant species and enjoy funding by different governments. Additionally, there are laws and policies that have been enacted to protect plants from damage by human activities. Below, you will learn why plant conservation is important.
Plants natural processes such as photosynthesis help in cleaning of air as they take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen. Humans need oxygen for the proper functioning of different organs and that explains why plant conservation is important. A large forest cover will ensure that the supply of oxygen is maintained at life-sustaining levels hence protection of the entire ecosystem. Also, plants are considered as primary consumers in the food chain. Therefore, removal of plants from the ecosystem can disrupt the food chain and different living organisms will die. Human need plants are food source hence plant conservation should be taken seriously.
Soil erosion is a big threat and humans employ different methods to stop different types of soil erosion. Plants have proved to be effective in combatting different forms of soil erosion. Plant conservation is encouraged as a way of avoiding some of the effects of soil erosion such as loss of fertility. The other reason to conserve plants is that they are raw materials to many industries such as food and clothing. Many plants species are considered as herbs and that explains why they are widely used by pharmaceutical industries to manufacture drugs. Therefore, for drug research to continue, plant conservations should be prioritized.
Excessive use of different plant species for different reasons has put plant diversity under threat. Today, the rate of logging has reached unsustainable levels putting timber plants under threat of extinction. Forest fires are on the rise and this is contributed by climate change. Humans have the mandate to ensure that plant species are safeguarded by enacting the right policies and laws. Botanic gardens play an important role in protecting different plant specifies. For a sustainable ecosystem, plant conservation should be given priority to ensure that no plant species does not become extinct.